By Lloyd P. Gerson
This is often the 1st name within the Key issues in historic Philosophy sequence, which supplies concise books, written by way of significant students and obtainable to non-specialists, on very important topics in historic philosophy which stay of philosophical curiosity this present day. during this e-book, Professor Gerson explores historical bills of the character of data and trust from the Presocratics as much as the Platonists of overdue antiquity. He argues that old philosophers commonly held a naturalistic view of data in addition to of trust. for this reason, wisdom was once now not seen as a stipulated or semantically made up our minds form of trust yet used to be quite a true or objectively determinable fulfillment. in reality, its attainment was once exact with the top attainable cognitive fulfillment, specifically knowledge. It was once this naturalistic view of data at which the traditional Skeptics took objective. The publication concludes through evaluating the traditional naturalistic epistemology with a few modern types.
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Additional info for Ancient Epistemology
Intellection is always accompanied by true logos, but neither of its types are equivalent to a logos. Understanding includes mentally seeing that a logos is true, but this is not the same thing as believing that it is true. This passage indicates that even a true belief is equivalent neither to understanding nor to knowledge; indeed, it is ‘without logos’, that is, without an explanation of why the true belief is true. Such an explanation does not turn the true belief into be indicating the strong connection between having a belief regarding things in the sensible world and understanding what it is one believes, despite the fact that these modes of cognition are different and sensibles are different from what is understood.
This is the mode of cognition manifested when we see the various instantiations of, say, a single pure function or mathematical rule. The ‘seeing’ is mental seeing, but it is also ‘seeing that’ which means that what we see is the truth of a proposition or the fact that something is the case. 13 To expand a bit on Plato’s mathematical examples, understanding that a Chihuahua and a Great Dane are both dogs is not 13 Many scholars have noted that Plato’s Divided Line requires that its two middle sections (for dianoia and doxa) must be equal, though they represent distinct modes of cognition and distinct objects.
The one is produced through instruction, the other by persuasion; the one is always accompanied by true logos, the other is without logos; the one is immovable by persuasion, the other is able to be controverted; and, it should be said, true belief is shared in by all men, whereas intellect belongs to the gods and a small class of human beings (51D3 E6; cf. Rep. 534A2). Intellection in general, which we recall includes understanding as well as knowledge, depends on the existence of Forms that are knowable only insofar as they are cognised in the light of the first principle.
Ancient Epistemology by Lloyd P. Gerson