By Hanns J. Prem
Outlines the greatly lengthy and intricate cultural historical past of Mesoamerica, in addition to the Andean continuum. It combines an outline of pre-Columbian old occasions and occasions with a attention of significant examine difficulties and efforts and areas the final flowering of indigenous advanced civizations inside of their respective geographic and sociocultural frameworks.
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Additional info for Ancient Americas: A Brief History and Guide to Research
Page 14 Murals also served the same purpose. On the outskirts of ceremonial centers and in hamlets all over the countryside were the living quarters of the common people, made of wood, daub, and wattle with palm-thatched roofs, always standing on small platforms grouped around a courtyard. Population density of sites was only a fraction of that of Teotihuacán, considering the airy placement of structures (Tikal had possibly a mere sixty thousand inhabitants on 120 square kilometers), but overall there was a remarkably high number of settlers.
An additional cultural impetus from outside may have been created by a natural catastrophe in western El Salvador. D. 260 under a blanket of ashes and forced the population to emigrate. From this area or even from regions with an Olmec tradition farther west may stem the prototype of the Maya hieroglyphic writing system and the complex calendric calculations. CITIESThere was a varied monumental architecture in the ever-increasing number of cities: rectangular plazas sided by high pyramidal stepped platforms topped by temple buildings with extraordinarily small inner rooms.
Characteristic cultural expressions, especially the artistic style of stone work, have another focal point in the southern slopes of the Mexican highlands in Chalcatzingo (relief sculpture on rock faces) and in Tlalcozotitlan (also called Teopantecuanititlan, monumental stone architecture), and reach from the Valley of Mexico to El Salvador. The background for this common style may have been a common ideology, for there are no signs of military expansions or an empire of this extent. , there were a few weak florescences in the former border areas but also some powerful new cultural developments.
Ancient Americas: A Brief History and Guide to Research by Hanns J. Prem