By Jørn Olsen, Kaare Christensen, Jeff Murray, Anders Ekbom
An advent to Epidemiology for wellbeing and fitness Professionals
Jorn Olsen, Kaare Christensen, Jeff Murray, and Anders Ekbom
Who will get in poor health? What factors—genetic, environmental, social—contribute to their illness?
Easy sufficient to invite, however the solutions have gotten more and more complex. at the present time, because the public concerns approximately rising ailments and the observe epidemic is a part of the final dialogue, epidemiology will be a easy part of clinical education, but frequently it truly is undertaught or maybe ignored. Concise and readable whereas additionally rigorous and thorough, An advent to Epidemiology for overall healthiness Professionals is going past typical textbook content material to flooring the reader in medical equipment such a lot correct to the present health and wellbeing panorama and the evolution of evidence-based medicine—valuable keys to raised knowing of affliction method, potent prevention, and distinct remedy. This volume:
- Presents fabric accessibly for readers who can have no longer studied epidemiology.
- Focuses both in descriptive and analytic branches of epidemiology.
- Demonstrates purposes of descriptive and analytic tools in public healthiness, genetic epidemiology, and scientific epidemiology.
- Includes a "Sources of errors" part addressing difficulties in inference and decision-making, choice bias, and different universal pitfalls.
In addition to its usefulness for graduate scholars in public well-being and clinical scholars in medical epidemiology, An advent to Epidemiology for future health Professionals is a well timed reference for practitioners wanting a refresher during this vital self-discipline.
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3. se/Lists/Artikelkatalog/Attachments/9325/2007-42-16_20074216. pdf 4. Gustafsson L, Pontén J, Zack M, Adami HO. International incidence rates of invasive cervical cancer after introduction of cytological screening. Cancer Causes Control 1997 Sep;8(5): 755–763. 5. Bojestig M, Arnqvist HJ, Hermansson G, Karlberg BE, Ludvigsson J. Declining incidence of nephropathy in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. N Engl J Med 1994;330(1):15–18. Erratum in: N Engl J Med 1994 Feb 24;330(8):584. , and diseases.
Mackie elegantly illustrated how we can understand this uncertainty while maintaining our common concept of causation in his papers from the 1960s and 1970s and his landmark book from 1974 . He showed how causes sometimes may activate an effect and sometimes may not, why causes appear to be probabilistic. Hume discussed causes in a global (“strong”) sense as necessary and sufficient. Let us begin by explaining these global concepts. Let E be the cause and D its effect, the disease, then the E → D path illustrates that when we have an exposure, E, we get a disease, D, and if we have D it was always preceded by E.
Cancer Incidence in Five Continents, Volume V. IARC, Lyon, 1987. 2. Occupational Health Decennial Supplement. Office for National Statistics (ONS) & Health and Safety Executive (HSE), published every ten years, ISBN=9780116916181. 3. ). Maxcy-Rosenau-Last. Public Health & Preventive Medicine, 13th Edition. Appleton & Lange, Norwalk, Connecticut/San Mateo, CA, 1992. 4. ). Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors. Oxford University Press/The World Bank, New York/Washington, DC, 2006. 5. Strong K, Mathers C, Leeder S, Beaglehole R.
An Introduction to Epidemiology for Health Professionals by Jørn Olsen, Kaare Christensen, Jeff Murray, Anders Ekbom