Solon L. Barraclough's Agricultural Expansion and Tropical Deforestation: PDF

By Solon L. Barraclough

ISBN-10: 1853836656

ISBN-13: 9781853836657

Scanned and OCRed book

There is not any uncomplicated causal dating among overseas alternate, agricultural growth and tropical deforestation. lecturers, policy-makers and the general public are all tempted by way of simplistic options to complicated difficulties. as a way to identify the real causal components fascinated by this severe quarter of environmental decline, the authors of this research current case reviews ranging over 3 continents. using facts, it's proven that the point of interest of study of deforestation needs to be utilized as a lot to the erroneous rules of nationwide and neighborhood specialists as to the forces of alternate and globalization. additional, it demonstrates that we needs to undertake a severe point of view at the historic context of human use of wooded area components, taking a look at matters resembling structures of land tenure. the first target of the e-book is to focus on the necessity to search recommendations in far-reaching institutional and coverage reforms tailored to express socio-economic and ecological contexts, if the matter of tropical deforestation is to be tackled successfully.

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Extra info for Agricultural Expansion and Tropical Deforestation: International Trade, Poverty and Land Use

Example text

Each group shows different trends in respect to changes in areasof agricultural land, forest land and other land. At national levels the data indicate diverse trends in different groups of countries: In 14 countries agricultural area increased while the area of forests and woodlands and area of other land uses both decreased. In 33 countries agricultural area increased, the area of forests decreased and the area in other uses increased. Agricultural and forested areas both increased while other land decreased in 19 countries.

1 Concepts and Definitions of Different Types of Forests Used in the Tropical Forest Resources Assessment by the FA0 Forest: this is an aggregate t o indicate what is normally understood as forest, namely natural forest and forest plantation. Closed forest: stands of broad-leaved (hardwood) forests, which when not recently cleared by shifting agriculture or heavily exploited, cover with their various storeys and undergrowth a high proportion of the ground and do not have a continuous grass layer allowing grazing and the spreading of fires.

The Zutifundiu system that had dominated rural Brazil since the European conquest, enabling a few large landowners to control most rural resources and labour, was being extended to Amazonia in what some observers called the biggest land enclosure movement in all history (Hecht and Cockburn, 1990). This brief sketch of national leveltrends provides the context in which the agricultural expansion and deforestation reviewed below in the sub-national level case studies occurred. Four of these case studies were in the ‘legal Amazon’ region, where most recent deforestation has taken place.

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Agricultural Expansion and Tropical Deforestation: International Trade, Poverty and Land Use by Solon L. Barraclough

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