By C L E Lewis and S J Knell, Cherry Lewis, Simon J. Knell
This booklet comprises contributions from Martin Rees-the Astronomer Royal; Aubrey Manning-biologist and presenter of the BBC television sequence Earth tale; Chris Stringer-archaeologist and media character, and a couple of revered historians of science.An old viewpoint of geological time, from the 17th century to the invention of radioactivity, and directly to modern day functions of geochronology. participants come from the fields of geology and geochemistry, palaeontology, biology, archaeology, astronomy, and the historical past of science.The age of the Earth has constantly been a topic of serious curiosity to scientists from many disciplines-geologists, biologists, archaeologists, astronomers and historians. This quantity, The Age of the Earth: from 4004BC to AD2002, brings jointly members from those diversified topics to debate a number of points of the subject. It opens with a ancient viewpoint, referring to the works of eminent students from the 17th to 19th centuries, describing how conceptions of the Earth's historical past replaced over this era. we're taken from the time while state-enforced non secular orthodoxy all through Europe dictated the age of the Earth, via to the 19th century while geology emerged as a rigorous and self-contained technological know-how. via stratigraphic paintings, fossils turned demonstrated as beneficial time markers and the scientists of the day grew to become to the deduction of time from the goods of geomorphological tactics. via the tip of the 19th century the talk among geologists and physicists was once at its top. the hassle to quantify geological time affected the idea and perform of geology and used to be largelyresonsible for it maturing right into a expert clinical self-discipline. in the course of the technological know-how of geochronology, more and more sophisticated thoughts built to degree the age of the Earth. notwithstanding, it's going to be borne in brain that the now-accepted age will be thought of a 'geochemical accident' which nonetheless is still a contentious issue.The concluding elements of the booklet speak about a couple of similar issues: the hunt for the oldest rocks on the earth; a biologist's perspective of the historical past and trend of lifestyles in the world; how a refinement of radiocarbon and non-radiocarbon actual courting concepts has impacted looking for our historic hominid ancestors; and, ultimately, cosmology and the questions surrounding the age of the universe.
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Extra info for Age of the Earth: 4004 BC - 2002 AD (2001)(en)(321s)
Nuncius, 12, 651-658. GORTANI, M. 1930. Idee precorritrici di Luigi Ferdinando Marsili su la struttura dei monti. ) Memorie intorno a Luigi Ferdinando Marsili. Zanichelli, Bologna, 257-275. GOULD, S. J. 1987. Time's Arrow, Time's Cycle. Myth and Metaphor in the Discovery of Geological Time. ) and London. GREENE, J. C. 1996. The Death of Adam. Evolution and Its Impact on Western Thought [revised printing of the first edition 1959]. Iowa University, Ames. GUNTAU, M. 1989. Concepts of Natural Law and Time in the History of Geology.
In particular it examines the reception given to the Theories of the Earth proposed by the English scholars Thomas Burnet (1635-1715), William Whiston (16671752) and John Woodward (1665-1728), whilst also remarking on the Italian-Swiss geological network of the early eighteenth century. The Book of Genesis and the ancient chronologies When several Theories of the Earth appeared in England at the end of the seventeenth century (Burnet 1681; Warren 1690; Ray 1692; Woodward 1695; Whiston 1696), the majority of European scholars saw the history of the Earth as being framed by the account given in the Book of Genesis.
The Age of the World. Moses to Darwin. The Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore. [HERRIES] DAVIES, G. L. 1969. The Earth in Decay: a History of British Geomorphology 1578-1878. Macdonald, London and Elsevier, New York. [HERRIES] DAVIES, G. L. 1995. The Stenonian Revolution. , MACCAGNI, C. & MORELLO, N. (eds) Rocks, Fossils and History. Festina Lente, Florence, 45-49. HOLLAND, C. H. 1999. The Idea of Time. Wiley, Chichester and New York. JAHN, M. E. 1972. A Bibliographical History of John Woodward's 'An Essay Towards a Natural History of the Earth'.
Age of the Earth: 4004 BC - 2002 AD (2001)(en)(321s) by C L E Lewis and S J Knell, Cherry Lewis, Simon J. Knell