By Emanuele Capobianco, Veni Naidu
This research experiences relief flows to the healthiness area in Somalia over the interval 2000-2006. In shut collaboration with the healthiness area Committee of the Coordination of overseas aid to Somalis the authors accrued quantitative and qualitative information from twenty-six foreign enterprises working in Somalia, together with bilateral and multilateral donors. The paper reaches 3 major conclusions. First, reduction financing to the overall healthiness area in Somalia has been continually becoming, achieving US$ 7-10 in step with capita in 2006. even if this can be a significant volume in comparison to different fragile states, it could nonetheless be inadequate to deal with the inhabitants s wishes and to fulfill the excessive operational expenses to paintings in Somalia. Secondly, contributions to the future health area may possibly and may be extra strategic. the point of interest on a few vertical courses (e.g. HIV/AIDS and malaria) turns out to have diverted recognition clear of different very important courses (e.g. immunization and reproductive overall healthiness) and from uncomplicated well-being process wishes (infrastructure, human assets, etc.). The 3rd end is that extra analytical paintings on wellbeing and fitness financing is required to force coverage judgements in Somalia. equally to different fragile states, caliber info on wellbeing and fitness region financing is scanty, hence affecting the coverage making method negatively.
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Additional info for A Review of Health Sector Aid Financing to Somalia (World Bank Working Papers) (World Bank Working Papers; Africa Human Development)
9 percent in 2004 (UNAIDS and WHO 2006), but little is known about variations in prevalence over time or about the burden of disease across vulnerable groups. Several activities are currently implemented in Somalia to prevent the spread of HIV, but assessing their impact proves challenging. For the reasons above, it is impossible to draw any conclusion on the effectiveness of the large amount of funding provided to the HIV program. Similar challenges are experienced by the malaria program, though a clear move towards evidence-based policy making was initiated in recent years, partially thanks to the catalyst role played by the GFATM.
The study provides important baseline data, raises levels of awareness and generates questions about past and future aid financing to the health sector. Finally, it highlights gaps in knowledge that may be filled by future studies. CHAPTER 4 Key Findings Financial Aid Flows In Somalia aid to the health sector flows through an intricate network, characterized by three groups of financiers and many intermediaries (see Figure 10). The so-called traditional donors (bilateral,10 multilateral,11 and others12) are the object of this study.
Given the limited number of effective NGOs in the health sector, the donor decided to shift funding to another sector where an effective NGO had been identified. All except two donors stated that future funding channels will remain the same. Donors mentioned that they will continue to channel funds through existing structures such as UN agencies, international and local NGOs and the Red Cross and Red Crescent A Review of Health Sector Aid Financing to Somalia 39 Movement. One donor mentioned that future funding is expected to be channeled through the Country Coordinating Mechanism (CCM) via the three AIDS Commissions.
A Review of Health Sector Aid Financing to Somalia (World Bank Working Papers) (World Bank Working Papers; Africa Human Development) by Emanuele Capobianco, Veni Naidu