A History of Philosophy in America, 1720-2000 by Bruce Kuklick PDF

By Bruce Kuklick

ISBN-10: 0198250312

ISBN-13: 9780198250319

This can be a nice publication! i've been a member of the yankee Philosophical organization for over 50 years, and this booklet defined a number of the "politics" of what was once happening, whilst i used to be unaware that something yet "objective fact" governed over what occurred to philosophers. This publication is erudite, effortless to learn, from my standpoint very exact in short summaries of varied philosophers and numerous routine in American philosophy. I discovered much from this book!!!!!

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Knowledge consisted of the effects of noumena, said Hamilton, but it did not follow that these were effects on human beings. The 'secondary qualities' of objects (for example, color) were effects of the noumenal world on human beings. These qualities were essentially connected to consciousness. But the 'primary qualities' (for example, extension) were simply effects of the noumena. Objects external to consciousness were immediately cognized, although there was no knowledge of things as they are in themselves.

Americans drilled students with the works of foreigners but also drew up their own textbooks in two volumes, the first on the mind's cognitive powers, the second on the moral. Reid and Stewart contended that the data of experience were not the ideas of classical empiricism but judgements accompanying sensations. In such 'sense perception' the mind contacted the external world. Sensation implied the qualities of objects; perception of the world accompanied sensory experience. In the phrase 'common sense' Reid referred to the principles reflecting this peculiar constitution of the mind and asserting the mutual connection of sensation and perception.

Then, according to Edwards's famous argument, there was a volition before the first volition. A previous act of will determined the initial will. This might have been fairly inferred, but no one defended such a position. Arminians did believe that the stronger motive induced the will and that individuals acted freely, or not, in spite of all motives. Yet no one said that the will acted in the absence of motives. Taylor argued that the will always acted with motives, but had the power to act however it wished whatever the motives.

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A History of Philosophy in America, 1720-2000 by Bruce Kuklick


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