Eric H. Cline's 1177 B.C. : the year civilization collapsed PDF

By Eric H. Cline

ISBN-10: 0691140898

ISBN-13: 9780691140896

In 1177 B.C., marauding teams identified in basic terms because the "Sea Peoples" invaded Egypt. The pharaoh's military and military controlled to defeat them, however the victory so weakened Egypt that it quickly slid into decline, as did many of the surrounding civilizations. After centuries of brilliance, the civilized global of the Bronze Age got here to an abrupt and cataclysmic finish. Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the process quite a few many years. not more Minoans or Mycenaeans. not more Trojans, Hittites, or Babylonians. The thriving financial system and cultures of the past due moment millennium B.C., which had stretched from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, by surprise ceased to exist, besides writing structures, expertise, and enormous structure. however the Sea Peoples on my own couldn't have triggered such frequent breakdown. How did it happen?

In this significant new account of the motives of this "First darkish Ages," Eric Cline tells the gripping tale of the way the tip used to be led to via a number of interconnected disasters, starting from invasion and riot to earthquakes, drought, and the slicing of overseas alternate routes. Bringing to existence the colourful multicultural international of those nice civilizations, he attracts a sweeping landscape of the empires and globalized peoples of the past due Bronze Age and indicates that it used to be their very interdependence that hastened their dramatic cave in and ushered in a gloomy age that lasted centuries.

A compelling mix of narrative and the newest scholarship, 1177 B.C. sheds new gentle at the advanced ties that gave upward thrust to, and finally destroyed, the flourishing civilizations of the overdue Bronze Age--and that set the degree for the emergence of classical Greece.

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6 And, with that, the Egyptians expelled the Hyksos from the land. They fled back to Retenu (one of the ancient Egyptian names for modern-­day Israel and Syria, the same general area also known to the Egyptians as Pa-­ka-­na-­na, or Canaan). The Egyptians, meanwhile, established the Eighteenth Dynasty, begun by Kamose’s brother Ahmose, which initiated what we now call the New Kingdom period in Egypt. Avaris and the rest of Egypt were rebuilt during this period, and ­Avaris itself was renamed. By the time of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III some sixty years later, ca.

It looked and felt like an ancient sword, an identification that was confirmed when it was cleaned up in the local museum by the resident archaeologists. However, it wasn’t a typical Hittite sword but rather was a type not seen previously in the region. In addition, it had an inscription incised into the blade. It initially proved easier to read the inscription than to identify the make of the sword, and so the translation was done first. A an-­nu-­tim a-­na DIskur be-­li-­su u-­se-­li. ”50 The inscription refers to the so-­called Assuwa Rebellion, which the Hittite king Tudhaliya I/II put down in approximately 1430 BC (he is referred to as “I/II” because we are not certain whether he was the first or the second king with that name).

It is interesting to note that the Minoan civilization was given its name by the British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans in the early 1900s. We don’t actually know what they called themselves, although we do know that the Egyptians, Canaanites, and Mesopotamians each had a name for them. Furthermore, we do not know where they came from, although our suspicion points to Anatolia/Turkey as most likely. We do know that they established a civilization on Crete during the third millennium BC that lasted until ca.

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1177 B.C. : the year civilization collapsed by Eric H. Cline


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